[Busec] busec next week: Ryo Nishimaki (Wed 10am)

Leonid Reyzin reyzin at cs.bu.edu
Sat May 2 00:38:14 EDT 2015

We are lucky to be able to extend our seminar by one more week, with a
presentation from Ryo Nishimaki on cryptographic watermarking of programs,
followed, as usual, by lunch and discussion.


BUsec Calendar:  http://www.bu.edu/cs/busec/
BUsec Mailing list: http://cs-mailman.bu.edu/mailman/listinfo/busec

The busec seminar gratefully acknowledges the support of BU's Center for
Reliable Information Systems and Cyber Security (RISCS).


Title:  Watermarking Cryptographic Programs Against Arbitrary Removal
Speaker: Ryo Nishimaki (NTT and Northeastern University)
Wednesday May 6, 10am, the Hariri Seminar room

Abstract: A watermarking scheme for programs embeds some information called
a mark into a program while preserving its functionality. No adversary can
remove the mark without damaging the functionality of the program. In this
work, we study the problem of watermarking various cryptographic programs
such as pseudorandom function (PRF) evaluation, decryption, and signing.
For example, given a PRF key $K$, we create a marked program
$\widetilde{C}$ that evaluates the PRF $F(K,\cdot)$. An adversary that gets
$\widetilde{C}$ cannot come up with any program $C^*$ in which the mark is
removed but which still evaluates the PRF correctly on even a small
fraction of the inputs.
The work of Barak et al. (CRYPTO'01 and J.ACM, 59(2)) shows that, assuming
indistinguishability obfuscation (iO), such watermarking is impossible if
the marked program $\widetilde{C}$ evaluates the original program with
perfect correctness. In this work we show that, assuming iO, such
watermarking is possible if the marked program $\widetilde{C}$ is allowed
to err with even a negligible probability, which would be undetectable to
the user.

We construct such a watermarking scheme with a secret-marking key used to
embed marks in programs, and a public-detection key that allows anyone to
detect marks in programs. For our security definition, we assume that the
adversary can get oracle access to the marking functionality.

We emphasize that our security notion of watermark non-removability
considers arbitrary adversarial strategies to modify the marked program --
for example, an adversary could obfuscate the marked program and this
should not remove the mark. This is in contrast to the prior works, such as
that of Nishimaki (EUROCRYPT '13), which only consider restricted removal
strategies that preserve the original structure of the marked program
(e.g., as a vector of group elements), but do not provide security against
arbitrary strategies.

Joint work with Daniel Wichs. Available at http://eprint.iacr.org/2015/344.
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